Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Eliza Melinda Harrison (Jones) (Brinegar)

Eliza Melinda Harrison was born the daughter of William Harrison and Nancy Shepherd (Harrison) of Maries County, Missouri. She was the sister of my great-grandfather John Milton Harrison. 

When Eliza Melinda Harrison was born on October 8, 1848, in Maries County, Missouri; her father William was 40 and her mother Nancy was 33. She had one son and three daughters with George Washington Jones between 1868 and 1873. Her first husband passed away in 1909.  Her 2nd husband was Captain John Thomas Brinnegar.  Eliza died on July 10, 1930, in Phelps County, Missouri, at the age of 81. She is buried at the St. James Cemetery in Phelps County, also known as the Old Masonic Cemetery. 

Eliza's funeral was held on July 12th, 1930.  Her direct descendant, my 4th cousin Linda Bland, has provided the following documentation and photos, and permission to use them in this blog post. Ms. Bland is now the owner of the home her ancestors Eliza and "Wash" Jones built in Phelps County, Missouri, and is in the process of completing renovations and restorations on the historic home.  A future blog post will detail the house-history of the property, with before and after photos of the restoration. 
Proclamation by the Mayor of St. James, Missouri
On the Day of Eliza's Funeral
July 12th, 1930

Eliza and her horse Digger

Eliza and her parrot

Eliza Melinda Harrison Jones

Eliza and George Washington Jones' home
Phelps County, Missouri
Circa 1910 

Sunday, January 3, 2016

Marriage of James A. Crider to Elvira Tennessee Thurmond; January 3, 1855 - Their Marriage, Life, and Family

Copyright B. Harrison- The Hopelessly Hooked Genealogist

On this date in history, 3 January 1855; my maternal great-grandparents James A. Crider and Elvira Tennessee Thurmond were married in Graves County, Kentucky.  

Below is a digital image of their actual marriage record in the Marriage Books of Graves County, Kentucky; although the image is very difficult to read unless enlarged significantly, which would not fit on this blog page as formatted. 
Marriage Record of A. J. Crider to E. T. Thurmond
(bottom row on this image)
Graves County, Kentucky
1855- Marriage Book

Graves County Courthouse in Mayfield, Kentucky
The bride was about age 18 and the groom was about age 20- 21 when they married. She was the daughter of James Jordan Thurmond and Leah Dale Hudspeth (Thurmond). The groom was the son of David Crider and Sarah "Sallie" Shultz Walker (Crider). James was known as "Jim", and Elvira was sometimes called "Tenney", nickname for her middle name of Tennessee.  The groom was born in Dyersburg, Gibson County, Tennessee. By the 1850 Census James was aged 16 and living with his parents in Graves County, Kentucky. The bride was born in Maury County, Tennessee and where she was still living with her parents as of the 1850 Census, which lists her age as 14. 

The marriage of James and Elvira took place in Graves County, Kentucky in 1855; so the bride's family must have moved from Tennessee to Kentucky between the 1850 Census and the marriage date in 1855.

By the 1860 Census (5 years after their marriage) Jim and Elvira Tennessee Cider were living in Calloway County, Kentucky with their first child Angeline J Crider, aged 4. It is very likely that James A "Jim" Crider participated in the Civil War from Kentucky between the years of 1861-1865, however I have not yet found military records identifying him. 

Calloway County Courthouse, Murray, Kentucky

On the 1870 Census the family of James and Elvira Crider is listed as living in Brinkley, Calloway County, Kentucky with a total of 5 children: Angeline (14), William (10), Missouri (5), Ada (2), and Mary (3 months). James is listed as age 36, and Elvira is listed as age 34. 

Original Calloway County Courthouse, KY- Built in 1823
Photo courtesy of Kentucky Digital Library Collection
Calloway County Courthouse, KY
Photos courtesy of Kentucky Digital Library Collection

My great-grandfather James A. Crider died at the relatively young age of 41, on 17 Feb 1875, of pneumonia. Family stories indicate he became sick after riding his mule to Tennessee on business on a cold rainy day.  He reportedly died at home in Calloway County, Kentucky.  His last child, my maternal grandfather Stephen Linn Crider, was born only 3 months after James died. James A. Crider is thought to buried in Calloway County, Kentucky; possibly at Elm Grove Cemetery where a few other Criders are buried.  I have not yet been able to obtain a photo of his gravestone or verify whether he has a stone. I rely on Find A Grave volunteers for most gravestone photos in my tree, as I live "way out west" and nowhere near the state of Kentucky and don't anticipate being able to travel there in the near future. 

Murray, Calloway County, Kentucky
Postcard of a Country Road
Kentucky Digital Library Collection

His widow, my great-grandmother Elvira Tennessee Thurmond Crider raised her young children alone for a few years, then next married in 1883 to Marcus Montrose Melton in Gibson County, Tennessee. On the 1880 Census she was still living in Farmington, Graves County, Kentucky and is listed as "widow" E. T. Crider,  Head of Household. So evidently, she had returned to Tennessee as a Widow to live after the 1880 Census and re-married there. The marriage license confirms that she was several years older than her second husband.  Marcus M. Melton died in 1886, only 3 years after their marriage.  They had no known children together. Elvira subsequently filed for a Confederate Widow's Pension in Tennessee, under her 2nd husband's Confederate Civil War military service from in the state of Tennessee ( App # W4571).  She is listed as Tennessee Melton on the pension application. A photocopy of this Widow's Pension application file may be obtained from the Tennessee State Archives. 

Marriage License of E. T. (Elvira Tennessee) Crider to M. M. (Marcus Montrose) Melton
24 Aug 1883
Gibson County, Tennessee
Gibson County, Tennessee Historical Marker
Color Photo Postcard

By the 1900 Census, Elvira is found living in Kennett, Dunklin County, Missouri and is listed as Elvira T. Crider,  a "Widow" age 66 (which should probably be 64), residing in the household of her son John W. (Wesley) Crider age 24, along with her other son (my maternal grandfather) Stephen Linn Crider age 24. Their household included 3 "servants", one housekeeper and 2 farm laborers.  Evidently Elvira was referred to by her first husband's surname during this time she lived with her 2 adult sons from the first marriage, or they chose to report her under that name to the census taker.  The 1910 Census finds her living in Gibson County, Tennessee once again, listed as Elvira Melton, a "Widow" age 74 residing in the household of her daughter Rosa Crider (Newbill) and son-on-law John Newbill.  Elvira most likely spent the remainder of her years in Dunklin County, Missouri living with (or under the care of) Crider and Newbill kin.
Kennett, Dunklin County, Missouri town square

Elvira died on 19 January, 1921 and is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Kennett, Dunklin County, Missouri, near other Crider kin.  The death certificate lists her age as 84 and cause of death as bronchitis.  ( Elvira's grand-daughter Augusta Crider, my mother, was born in 1920, so they never had a chance to really know each other, and Augusta had no memories of  her paternal grandmother. )  

Last but certainly not least, it is worthy to note that my great-grandmother Elvira was the great-grand-daughter of William Thurmond, a Revolutionary War Soldier (my 4x-great-grandfather). He enlisted as a Private in the 3rd Virgnia Regiment, Continental Line, reference DAR National #103874. His Heirs were granted Land Bounty Warrants in 1831 in Amherst County, Virginia on his service. (Additional source for this info- Douglas Register, page 307). Elvira's maternal grandfather was also a Revolutionary Patriot; Thomas Hudspeth, (my maternal 3x-great-grandfather) from Salisbury Distrct, North Carolina, DAR Ancestor #A059757.         

Missouri Death Certificate
Elvira "Ellin" Tennessee Thurmond Crider Melton
19 Jan 1921
Kennett, Dunklin County, Missouri
Source: Missouri Digital Heritage

Oak Ridge Cemetery, Kennett, Dunklin County, Missouri
Found on Find A Grave,
Contributor: Chris Crawford

Sources on the Crider family genealogy include:   
 Fanily Records of B. Harrison 
 Missouri Digital Heritage online
              Graves County, Kentucky marriage records
Gibson County, Tennessee marriage records
Kentucky Digital Library online, Murray State University
National Archives, Revolutionary War Soldiers Records   
                  "Crider Families of Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee: Descendants of John Michael
                    Kreider".  Heritage Books 2007, Rebecca L Blackwell, first published 1999.    



d of pneumonia aftSteven, was born only 3 months before James died.

Saturday, January 2, 2016

My Fore- Stogsdill - Hargis - Earp Clan: How I Am (Somewhat) Connected to Wyatt Earp

My Stogsdill- Hargis- Earp connections

Originally Written &  Posted 

15 Apr 2011 by HopelesslyHookedGeneaInAZ

Copyright 2015, The Hoplessly Hooked Genealogist (B. Harrison) -
(Also Known As HopelesslyHookedGeneaInAz on other websites)

How I Am Connected to Wyatt Earp, Wild West Lawman

1) I am not a direct bloodline descendant of Wyatt Earp.   However, the records reflect that some of his known kin inter-married with some of my known kin. Following is an explanation of  how some of my family surnames connect to the Earp surname. Two of the connections involve two different men by the name of Singleton Earp who are kin of Wyatt Earp, one born in 1802 and the other born in 1824. Note, there are 3 different Singleton Earps in my tree, so this gets confusing :

2)  My ancestry has Earp connections through marriage between my Stogsdill-Hargis line to the Earps, (William Bluford  "Bufe" STOGSDILL married to Polly Ann Earp) as well as  through Sarah FORE who married the Singleton Earp born 1824.

 *Notation added December 31, 2015:  Ancestry dot com's relationship calculator indicates my distant kinship to Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp through the first of the above couples is as follows: he is the 2nd cousin 1x removed of the wife (Polly Ann Earp) of my 3rd great-uncle (William Bluford "Bufe" Stogsdill). 

3) Sarah Fore was a sister of my 2nd-great-grandfather Benjamin Fore. Sarah Fore was born about 1829 in Pulaksi County, Kentucky, and was the daughter of my 3rd-great-grandparents. John Fore born about 1794 in North Carolina or Virginia, and Lucretia “Creasy” Umfleet born about 1795 in Kentucky. Sarah Fore married Singleton Earp, who was born about 1824 in Pulaski County, Kentucky.  This Singleton Earp was the son of Phillip Hawker Earp born 1795in Virginia, and his first wife Sarah Stogsdill born about 1800 in North Carolina and who died about 1831 in Pulaski County, Kentucky.    Phillip Hawker Earp’s parents were Josiah Earp born 1761 in Maryland, married to Eleanor Hawker born about 1765 in Maryland. Josiah Earp was a brother of Phillip Earp born 1755 in Maryland, who was the great-grandfather of Wyatt Earp.

Headstone of Sarah Fore Earp
 Trout Cemetery, Phelps County, Missouri

(My Paternal 3rd-Great-Aunt)
Photo by Carol Kelley, Find A Grave Contributor

 4) I am connected to this same line in yet another way. The other  Singleton Earp (born 1802 in North Carolina) married Rebecca Herrin (born about 1800 in Pulaski County, Kentucky).  Singleton Earp born 1802 was also the son of the above-referenced Josiah Earp b. 1761 in Maryland, which makes this Singleton Earp a brother to the above-referenced Phillip Hawker Earp born 1795. Both Josiah Earp and Phillip Hawker Earp were sons of William Harp Earp b. 1720 in Maryland & his wife Priscilla Nicholas born about 1728 in Maryland.  Singleton Earp born 1802 was the father of Polly Ann Earp born 1828 in Pulaski, Kentucky who married William Bluford “Bufe” Stogsdill. Their marriage took place in Kentucky some time around 1845.  The Stogsdill extended family group moved to Phelps County, Missouri via covered wagon circa 1852 with various Stogsdill and Hargis kin.  William “Bufe” Stogsdill was my 2nd-great-grand-uncle, a  son of my 2nd great-grandparents Daniel Stogsdill and Sarah Hargis, and brother to my great-grandmother Sabra “Sabie” Stogsdill whomarried Benjamin Fore.  As stated above (see paragraph 3), Benjamin Fore’s sister was Sara Fore who married the Singleton Earp born in 1824, who is related to the great-grandfather of Wyatt Earp .

As you perhaps already know the Wyatt Earp descendancy lineage goes something like this. William Harp/ Earp  b. 1729 married to  Priscilla Nicholas,their son Philip Harp/ Earp  b. 1755 married to  Sara Vaugh,their son Walter Earp b. 1787 married to  Martha Ann Early,their son Nicholas Porter Earp B 1813 married to Virginia Ann Cooksey (had  other wives),their son Wyatt Earp b. 1848 in Illinois becomes the now famous Wild West Lawman, Wyatt Earp of Tombstone, Arizona.  

* By the way, Wyatt Earp had no known children so there are no known direct descendants

Written by:  Beverly Harrison (The Hopelessly Hooked Genealogist)

Thursday, December 31, 2015

Happy New Year's Eve 2016: Some Historical Highlights

As we get ready to celebrate the dawning of a New Year; a glimpse back in time...

December 31- New Year's Eve- On This Date In History

Some Famous Births on New Year’s Eve:

British General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis- 1738
George Meade, American Civil War General- 1815
Elizabeth Arden, Canadian cosmetics businesswoman- 1878
Sir Anthony Hopkins, Welsh Actor
John Denver, Singer-Songwriter- 1943
Sir Ben Kingsley, English Actor- 1943
Val Kilmer, American actor- 1959

Famous Deaths: Historical figures and celebrities who died on New Year’s Eve:

Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, died in Essex, England , 1297
Frederick III, Duke or Lorraine, 1302
Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter, England, 1424
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, England, 1460
Gustave Courbet, French Painter, 1877
Alexander Popov, Russian Physicist, 1905
Malcom Campbell, English race car driver, 1948
Ricky Nelson, American Musician and Actor, 1985
Michael Kennedy, American politician, 1997

Some Marriages, Births, and Deaths In My Family Tree On New Year's Eve:

William Samuel Thompson, born 31 December 1691 at Blair Manor in Ayrshire, Scotland.  (He was my maternal 6x great-grandfather)

William Jasper Harrison marriage to Annie Elizabeth Mosher; 31 December 1871 in Maries County, Missouri. (He was my paternal great-uncle)

Charlie Jackson Clark, died 27 Dec and was buried on 31 December 1965 in Henry County, Tennessee. (He was my maternal 2nd great-uncle)

Claude Eugene Harris marriage to Ruby Helen Baker, 31 December 1937 in Phelps County, Missouri. (He was my paternal 3rd cousin, 1x removed)

Harriett Jane Tucker, died 31 December 1955 in Calloway County, Kentucky. (She was my maternal 1st cousin 2x removed)

William Lester Clark, died 31 December 1967 in Graves County, Kentucky. (He was my maternal 1st cousin, 2x removed)


Tuesday, December 29, 2015

December 29th: On This Date In History

On This Day In History:  December 29th

 Famous Births:

A few notable people who were born on this date include:

Empress Elizabeth of Russia, born 29 Dec 1709
Andrew Johnson, 17th U.S. President; born 29 Dec 1808
Mary Tyler Moore, American Actress; born 29 Dec 1936
Jon Voight, American Actor; born 29 Dec 1938

Historical Events:

A few things that happened in history on this date are:

29 Dec 1170 – Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury was assassinated in England.
29 Dec 1778 – British soldiers captured Savannah, Georgia during the American Revolutionary War
29 Dec 1813 - British soldiers burned Buffalo, New York, War of 1812
29 Dec 1851 - First American YMCA opened in Boston, Massachusetts
29 Dec 1966- The Beatles began recording Penny Lane at Abbey Road Studio

Family Births In My Tree:

Some of the ancestors in my tree who were born on December 29th include:

Henry St. George Tucker , born 29 Dec 1780, Williamsburg, Virginia (my paternal 2nd cousin, 6x removed)

Henry Harding, born 29 Dec 1723, Bucks County, Pennsylvania (my paternal 5x-great-uncle)

Mary Lavinia Crider, born 29 Dec 1835, Caldwell County, Kentucky (my maternal 2nd cousin, 3x removed)

Tyre Newton Harrison, born 29 Dec 1875, Marion County, Missouri (my paternal 2nd cousin, 2x removed)

Daniel Luten Baldridge, born 29 Dec 1872, Fulton County, Kentucky (my maternal 1st cousin , 3x removed)

Margaret Lunsford, born 29 Dec 1596, Sussex, England (my paternal 10x-great-aunt)

Family Marriages In My Tree:
Some of the ancestors in my tree who married on the 29th of December include:

Wyatt Wallace to Elizabeth “Bettie” Crider, 29 Dec 1823, Pittsylvania County, Virginia.  (She was my maternal 1st cousin, 4x removed)

Thomas A Hudspeth to Martha “Patsy” Brooks, 29 Dec 1831, Maury County, Tennessee.  (He was my maternal 3x-great-uncle)

George G. Thornton to Nancy Isaacs, 29 Dec 1831, Washington County, Kentucky.  (He was my maternal 3x-great-uncle)

William Cecil Kelly to Lucretia “Creasy” Fore, 29 Dec 1885, Rolla, Phelps County, Missouri.  (She was my paternal 2x-great-aunt)

Raymond Huskey to Cyntha Brown, 29 Dec 1924, Phelps County, Missouri.
 (He was my paternal 2nd cousin, 1x removed)

George Thomas Berger to Augusta M. Adkins, 29 Dec 1935, Pittsylvania County, Virginia. (He was my 5th cousin, 1x removed)

Family Deaths In My Tree:

Some of the ancestors in my tree who passed away on December 29th include:

William L. Crider, died 29 Dec 1941, McLennan County, Texas. (He was my maternal 1st cousin, 3x removed)

Minnie May Huskey Black, died 29 Dec 1971, Phelps County, Missouri. (She was my paternal 2nd cousin, 2x removed)

Anna Groff Kreider, died 29 Dec 1784, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. (She was the wife of my maternal 6th great-uncle)

William Calthorpe, died 20 Dec 1420, Norfolk, England. (He was my paternal 25th great-grandfather)

Friday, December 18, 2015

Crazy Cat Lady: My Cats

As I update this Blog in preparation for the passing of another year, and a New Year dawning soon: mention of my two new family additions seems appropriate.   Oscar and Ernie joined our household in October 2015.  They are both rescues from the local Humane Society. Oscar was about 4 months old when I adopted him, and Ernie was about 6 months old.   They are typical active, happy, playful kittens who keep me entertaind and sleep-deprived (they love to wake up in the middle of the night and chase each other through the house). 



Earlier that same month, October 2015, I lost my dearest beloved little cat-buddy of 15 years, Shadow Kitty (below).   He too had been a rescue from the humane society. I adopted him when he was about 6 months old.  He was a faithful and loyal friend for 15 years.   He traveled across the United States with me many times by plane and car; on both pleasure and work-related trips, and became my experienced and confident road warrior companion. He was healthy right up to his final few weeks, when his kidneys began to fail as part of the aging process.  He stopped eating and drinking, and then the end came quickly.  He passed peacefully over to the Rainbow Bridge at home, warm and snug in his own bed,  with me gently petting and consoling him.    I will miss him forever. 

Shadow Kitty

Thursday, December 17, 2015

Christmas Blog Caroling 2015: O Come All Ye Faithful

To quote one of my Geneblogger and Facebook Genealogy friends Bill West:  "It's become a Geneablogger tradition to join our friend FootnoteMaven in the annual Blog Caroling Event,when geneabloggers post their favorite Christmas carols. "

So, in the spirit of the holiday season and reminiscing of Christmas times past (it is also Throwback Thursday, after all), this prompts my own fond memories of years spent in school choirs while growing up.  My favorite time of year for choir rehearsals and performances was always the Christmas season. From the time I was in elementary school through high school, the weeks preceding Christmas were always spent rehearsing carols for the Big Christmas Show.    One year, in 3rd grade, I did an unintentional solo when every single member of our 3rd grade choir except myself failed to utter a sound when they opened their mouths to sing for our parents.   All of them got stage fright, except for me.   I did not even realize that I was the only one actually singing until afterwards, when our choir director (who as also my teacher) asked the audience to applaud "our soloist" and pointed at me.  I did not know whether to be mortified or proud, but am sure I turned at least 3 shades of red.  

Meantime, fast forward to the high school years.   I attended what was then considered a really big school of about 3,000 students in Orange County, California. I won't state the years here, except to say it was a long time ago.   I still have fond memories of our big Christmas programs every year though.  I began in 9th grade in our multi-grade Girls Glee choir, which was a very large choir.  We sounded great because we had so many voices.   Each year I progressed into a more advanced and smaller choir group, eventually into a mixed choir, and every year looked forward to the Christmas show rehearsals and performances.  We practiced the songs for weeks, and it always got us into the spirit of the season.  I'm not sure I had one favorite carol; I generally enjoyed them all. 

One of my all time favorite carols, for listening and performing, has always been: 

 O Come All Ye Faithful .

O come all ye faithful joyful and triumphant
Oh come ye O come ye to Bethlehem;
come and behold him born the King of angels;
Oh come let us adore Him,
Oh come let us adore Him,
O come let us adore Him, Christ the Lord.
God of God light of light
Lo, He not the virgin's womb;
Very God begotten not created:
Oh come let us adore Him,
Oh come let us adore Him,
O come let us adore Him, Christ The Lord.
Sing choirs of angels sing in exultation
Sing all ye citizens of heaven above;
Glory to God in the highest:
Oh come let us adore Him,
Oh come let us adore Him,
O come, let us adore Him, Christ The Lord
See how the shepherds summoned to his cradle,
leaving their flocks, draw nigh with lowly fear
we too will thither hend our joyful footsteps;
Oh come let us adore Him,
Oh come let us adore Him,
O come, let us adore Him, Christ the Lord.

Halford, Robert / Ramirez, Roger / Wade, John Francis
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC, OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS


Autosomal DNA Testing and Results- My Ancient And Recent Ancestral Origins

Harrison - Crider Ancestry
Fan Chart
My Direct Ancestors
6 Generations
Above Is My Simplified Compiled Family Tree Chart Based On My Own Research
(Chart Completed Using a Familysearch Tool)

In 2014 and 2015, I completed Autosomal DNA testing with two companies, Ancestry DNA and 23AndMe.  These tests reflect what my Autosomal DNA says about my geographic and ethnic ancestral origins on both the maternal and paternal sides of my tree. I will share a few screen shots from these reports, below.  This blog posts pertains only to those Autosomal DNA testing reports.

(Note: I had previously completed MtDNA testing for maternal ancestry only with Family Tree DNA.  A female can only be tested for MtDNA and Autosomal DNA. As for my paternal ancestry origins; a 4th cousin from my same paternal surname line who is a proven descendant of our common ancestor also provided his YDNA test results through Family Tree DNA and the Harrison Patriarchs Project, which is not the subject of this blog post and will be covered in another post). 

Ethnicity Estimates and Origins Map
Ancestry DNA
(based on my own Autosomal DNA sample and report)

The above map shows the overall ancient ancestral origins of my direct ancestors on both the maternal and paternal sides of my tree, based on my Autosomal DNA testing report completed using Ancestry DNA. The report and map retrieved in my results package online in 2015 indicates that my ancestral roots are 59% Western European, 29% from Ireland, and 5% from Great Britian; with 7% indicated as "Trace Regions". 

British Ancestry- England, Scotland, Wales 

The above map is a subsection of the first map, and reflects my own ancestral roots in England, Scotland and Wales based on my Autosomal DNA report with Ancestry DNA. The report states: "Results map shows 5% for my overall ancient British ancestral roots (England, Scotland, Wales), however this overlaps with the the Ireland ancestral roots map showing 29% overall roots (depending on the generation/ time period, some of that may fall under England, Scotland, or Wales). Primarily located in: England, Scotland, Wales. Also found in: Ireland, France, Germany, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Italy. "

The above map is a subsection of the first map, and reflects my Irish ancestry.  Ireland= 29% overall of my ancestral roots . Primarily located in: Ireland, Wales, Scotland Also found in: France, England.

The above map is a sub-section of the first map and relfects my overal Western European ancient ancestry, based on my Autosomal DNA test and report completed with Ancestry DNA.  Western European ancestry (ancient through more recent ancestry) = 59% of my overall ancestry. The report states "Countries include Scandanavia, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Netherlands, Belgium. Population History: Prehistoric Western Europe- Due to its location and geography, Western Europe has seen many successive waves of immigrants throughout its history. Both peaceful intermingling and violent invasions of newcomers have resulted in a greater diversity in the genetics of the population, compared with neighboring regions. The first major migration into Western Europe is arguably the Neolithic expansion of farmers who came from the Middle East. From about 8,000 to 6,000 years ago these farmers filtered in through Turkey and brought with them wheat, cows and pigs. It is possible, too, that these people could have been the megalithic cultures who erected enormous stone monuments like the famous menhirs of Stonehenge. There were dozens, if not hundreds, of monuments scattered throughout prehistoric Europe, some serving as tombs, others possibly having astronomical significance. Photograph of Stonehenge taken in July 1877 by Philip Rupert Acott. Owned by Tamsin Titcomb. Celtic and Germanic tribes: Although “Celtic” is often associated with the people of Ireland and Scotland, the Celts emerged as a unique culture in central Europe more than 2,500 years ago. From an epicenter in what is now Austria, they spread and settled in the areas of today’s western Germany and eastern France, generally near the Rhine and Danube Rivers. By 450 B.C., their influence and Celtic languages had spread across most of western Europe, including the areas that are now France, the Iberian Peninsula and the British Isles. The Celts either conquered or assimilated the previous inhabitants of the area, and almost all languages and cultural and religious customs were replaced. The only exception, most scholars believe, is the Basque language, which managed to persist in the Pyrenees of southern France and northern Spain. In the early 4th century B.C., Celtic tribes in northern Italy invaded and sacked Rome, setting the stage for centuries of conflict. In the 5th century B.C., Germanic peoples began moving south, from Sweden, Denmark and northern Germany, displacing the Celts as they went. It is unclear what prompted their movement, but it may have been climate related, as they sought warmer weather and more fertile farmland. The Germanic tribes’ expansion was checked by the generals, Gaius Marius and Julius Caesar, as they approached the Roman provinces around 100 B.C. This map shows the expansion of Celtic tribes by 275 A.D. (in light green) from their presumed origin, the Bronze Age Hallstatt culture (in yellow). Dark green areas show regions where Celtic languages are still spoken today. The Romans: After Rome defeated Carthage in the Punic Wars, the Republic had extended its borders to include the entire Italian Peninsula, Carthage’s territories in North Africa, most of the Iberian Peninsula, Greece and parts of Anatolia. It began turning its attention northwest toward the Celtic-dominated region known as Gaul, which more or less covered the area of modern-day France. Part of Rome’s motivation was to secure its frontier, as conflict with the Celts was a chronic problem. Julius Caesar led the campaign to conquer Gaul. A Celtic chieftain, Vercingetorix, assembled a confederation of tribes and mounted a resistance, but was defeated at the Battle of Alesia in 52 B.C. The battle effectively ended Celtic resistance. The Gauls were absorbed into the Roman Republic and became thoroughly assimilated into Roman culture, adopting the language, customs, governance and religion of the Empire. Many generals and even emperors were born in Gaul or came from Gallic families. Vercingetorix Throws Down His Arms at the Feet of Julius Caesar by Lionel Royer. For the most part, by 400 A.D., Western Europe was split between the Roman Empire and the restless Germanic tribes to the northeast. Celtic culture and influence still held sway in parts of the British Isles, and the Basque language continued to survive in the Pyrenees. It is interesting to note that the Basque share genetic similarities to the Celts of Ireland and Scotland, despite being culturally and linguistically dissimilar and geographically separated. While the exact relationship of the groups is difficult to determine, this does highlight the interesting interplay between genetic origin and ethno-linguistic identity. The Migration Period: By 400 A.D., the Roman Empire had been split into pieces. Rome was no longer the heart of the Empire, as the seat of power had been moved to Byzantium in the east. The Romans had begun to adopt Greek customs and language as well as Christianity, which had become the official state religion. Control of the provinces in the west had waned, and Rome itself was militarily weakened. About this time, there was a period of intensified human migration throughout Europe, called the Migration Period, or the V√∂lkerwanderung (“migration of peoples” in German). Many of the groups involved were Germanic tribes, whose expansion had previously been held in check by the Romans. To some degree, the earlier Germanic tribes of the Migration Period, notably the Goths and Vandals, were being pushed west and south by invasions from the Middle East and Central Asia. The Huns swept across eastern Europe, followed by the Avars, Slavs, Bulgars and Alans. These successive attacks may have been a factor in several waves of population displacement and resettlement. Seven large German-speaking tribes—the Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Burgundians, Lombards, Saxons and Franks—began pressing aggressively west into the Roman provinces and, in 410, the Visigoths attacked and sacked Rome. The western part of the Roman Empire was rapidly overrun as the invaders swept in, eventually dividing the remainder of the Roman provinces into new, Germanic kingdoms. An anachronistic 15th-century miniature depicting the sack of 410. The Frankish Kingdom- The Franks conquered northern Gaul in 486 A.D. and established an empire under the Merovingian kings, subjugating many of the other Germanic tribes. Over the course of almost four centuries, a succession of Frankish kings, including Clovis, Clothar, Pepin and Charlemagne, led campaigns that greatly expanded Frankish control over Western Europe. Charlemagne's kingdom covered almost all of France, most of today's Germany, Austria and northern Italy. On Christmas Day, 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne “Emperor of the Romans.” This upset the Byzantine emperor, who saw himself as the sole ruler of the Roman Empire, but by 812, he was forced to accept Charlemagne as co-emperor. In 843, Charlemagne's grandsons divided the Frankish empire into three parts—one for each of them. Charles the Bald received the western portion, which later became France. Lothair received the central portion of the empire, called Middle Francia, which stretched from the North Sea to northern Italy. It included parts of eastern France, western Germany and the Low Countries. Louis the German received the eastern portion, which eventually became the high medieval Kingdom of Germany, the largest component of the Holy Roman Empire. Statue of Charlemagne, by Agostino Cornacchini (1725). Located at St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican. Division of the Frankish Empire Among Charlemagne's Grandsons, 843 A.D. Charles the Bald Lothair Louis the German- Additional cultures of note: In addition to the Basque in the area of the Pyrenees in southern France, there are a number of other cultures with unique ethnic or linguistic identities in Western Europe. Among them are the Normans of northern France. Descended from Viking settlers who arrived sometime during the rule of the Frankish kings, the Normans controlled a powerful region known as Normandy. Their territories were subject to the French crown, which countenanced them in exchange for protecting the northern coast against other Viking raids. Just to the west of Normandy was Brittany, named after the Celtic Britons who arrived there from the British Isles in the 5th century. Some scholars believe that the migration may have been due to the Anglo-Saxon invasion of England after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Brittany resisted the Frankish kings and remained independent until 1532. It is one of the few places where Celtic languages are still spoken."

The above chart is from the Autosomal DNA Testing Report that I obtained on myself through the 23AndMe testing service.   While it breaks the results down a little differently than the Ancestry DNA report, the overall results are about the same as far as ancestral origins and regions/ percentages. I'm primarily Northwestern European in origin. 

The above map is from my 23AndMe report on my ancestral origins based on my Autosomal DNA sample provided in 2014, indicating that my ancestral roots are concentrated primarily in the blue and green sections on the above globe of the world (European ancestry). 

The above chart is the Chromosome View of my Ancestral Composition based on the report I obtained through the 23AndMe DNA testing service in 2014. 

All of the above information based on my actual DNA testing is very consistent with the results of my own "old school" research in tracing my family tree.   I have discovered that I have a significant amount of Scottish ancestry, some Irish ancestry, and deep roots in the rest of Northwestern Europe. I am aware from my research that I have lots of German and Swiss ancestry on the maternal side of my tree, as well as some French.   My paternal ancestors were mostly English, Scottish, and Irish with a sprinkling of French. 

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Tombstone Tuesday: Charles Drumm (1917 - 1928)

Copyright 2015, The Hopelessly Hooked Genealogist (B. Harrison)

          Charles Drumm        
Born: 1 September 1917, St Louis, Missouri
Died: 3 July 1928. Cape Girardeau, Missouri
(photo by Andrew, Find A Grave volunteer)

This post is to memorialize a cousin I never met, who only made to age (almost) 11 years.  Some of the following information is from the Find A Grave Memorial page that I personally created for Charles. (Find A Grave Memorial #46995296).  His story is based on oral family history shared with me by my Dad, a newspaper obituary, and a Missouri death certificate.

Charles Drumm was the son of Edna Katherine Harrison Drumm Loraine (my paternal aunt) and her first husband, T. J. Drumm. He was the grandson of John P. Harrison and Susan Allen Harrison. He was the great-grandson of John Milton Harrison and Mary Jane Coppedge Harrison.

Charles was my dad Marvin's nephew, being the child of Marvin's older sister Edna.  Charles and Marvin were close to the same age and playmates. Charles was thus my first cousin, though he was born and died decades before I was born. 

Charles died tragically from accidental drowning shortly before his 11th birthday. He attended a family-community holiday picnic on July 3rd, 1928 at Apple Creek, Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Some of his cousins and other children (including my own Dad) went to play at a pond of water by the dam at the mill. Charles was unable to swim, as were most of the other children in attendance that fateful day. Charles was either wading or fell in the deep water, and was pulled under by the currents. He struggled briefly, but there was no one within reach who could swim and rescue him in time. Someone threw him something to grab onto to try to float with, probably a piece of driftwood, but by then it was too late. My Dad was haunted his entire life by the memory of seeing only Charles' one hand grasping and thrashing above the water for something, anything....and then it slowly faded and the water was still.

Charles Drumm's obituary was published in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, page 23, July 5, 1928 . Stubbs Mortuary in Chaffee, MO handled final arrangements.  He is buried at Saint Ferdinand Cemetery in Hazelwood, St. Louis County, Missouri.  

Rest In Peace, young Charles.  Below is his death certificate:

Tragedy was to befall much of the rest of Charles' immediate family as well.  His step-father Joseph B. Loraine, Edna's 2nd husband, was electrocuted by lightning; his only sibling, a half-brother John B. Loraine was killed in WWII; and his mother Edna died of Leukemia. My research to date has been unable to determine what happened to his biological father, T. J. Drumm. That may be another line in the tree to pursue "some day" to solve yet another mystery.